National Day – The People’s Republic of China
China celebrates its National Day on October 1 every year. National Day is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic on October 1, 1949. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) National Day was declared at three o’clock on October 1, 1949, in front of 300,000 people during a ceremony in Tian’anmen Square. Chairman Mao declared the founding of the People’s Republic and waved the first five-star PRC flag. A resolution was passed on December 2, 1949 to celebrate October 1 is the National Day by the government.
National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau. Main celebrations is held in Beijing at Tiananmen Square. Fireworks, concerts, cultural programms, decorations in festive themes, display of protraits of great leaders and of course the traditional Chinese Lion dance are part of celebrations. Overseas Chinese are also invited by the government to witness these celebrations. Local, regional and national TV chnnels provide wide coverage of the celebrations.
In past times, this day was marked by large political gatherings and speeches, military parades, state banquets and the like. Since 2000, as China’s economy developed, the national holiday lasts seven days and most workers are given time off to visit relatives and take time for travelling. Now only 3 days holidays given by the government.
China National Day is also celebrated by overseas chinese living in different countries. Diplomats of the People’s Republic of China in respective countries host National Day celebrations.